Causes of the Russian Revolution Essay
622 Words3 Pages
Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution:
Poor Living and Working Conditions
Effects of the First World War
The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks
The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government
Was any one of these causes more important than the others to the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power in 1917? Explain your answer.
A1. When the Bolsheviks seized power in the October Russian Revolution, the country was in complete turmoil. Every one was unhappy about something and things weren’t going so well for the Royal family and the aristocracy. The ongoing First World War with Russia was despised by the army,…show more content…
The First World War was a terrible blow to Russia. Even before the war everyone knew that Russia was not ready and the majority had the perception that Russia was forced into a war with Germany because of Serbia. When the war started, it was greeted with some enthusiasm but it soon became clear that the Russian industry was too far behind the standards of the time and could not cope with an expensive war. The army was not well supported or equipped to fight the more advance German forces and was often short of rifles and ammo. The final blow came after an all-out failed offensive in July 1917 when, because of two arrogant officers and their personal dislike for each other, half a million Russian soldiers were slaughtered by about 200,000 German ones. This was one of the events that the Bolsheviks promoted and it added immensely to their support.
Lenin, real name Vladimir Illich Ulyanov was a very gifted public speaker and was exceptional good at arousing crowds and lifting spirits. He was able to speak what the man on the street feared to say and that’s probably why he was driven into exile by the Czar. When the Germans secretly let him enter Russia through Siberia in the hope that the move will help them win the war, he and the rest of the Bolsheviks got a lot of support
The Russian Revolutions of 1917 Essay
1326 Words6 Pages
The Russian Revolutions of 1917 There were two revolutions that occurred in Russia in 1917. The first one, in February, overthrew the Russian monarchy. The second one, in October, created the world’s first Communist state.
The Russian revolutions of 1917 involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Many of the uprisings were organized and led by democratically elected councils called soviets. The soviets originated as strike committees and were basically a form of local self-government.
The second revolution led to the rise of the modern Communist movement and to the…show more content…
Known as the October Revolution or the Bolshevik Revolution, it was led by a group of revolutionary socialists called Bolsheviks. It brushed aside the Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks hoped that their revolution would result in more fundamental changes to carry out socialist revolutions.
The Provisional Government was made up of liberal leaders, and as well as some moderate socialists. The Prime minister, Lvov, was a wealthy landowner, who favored an immediate constitutional monarchy and ultimately a republic. Lvov was the outstanding personality in the Provisional Government. The most famous of the moderate socialists was Aleksndr Kerensky, the minister of justice. The collapse of the tsarist regime thus left in its wake two centers of political authority: (1) the traditional politicians of the Provisional Government, who had little control over the people, and (2) the democratically elected soviets, which exercised more political power owing to support from the great majority of workers and soldiers. This system of dual power proved to be unstable. The instability grew as the moderate politicians proved increasingly unable to meet the rising expectations of the laboring masses. The Provisional Government declared an end to tsarist repression and established full civil liberties. It also promised early democratic elections, which would decide the