Bibliography Style Ieee Bibtex File

In the IEEE for journals template, I'm trying to use bibtex for my references...

A lot of authors using one of the IEEE journal templates ask for help adding their references using bibtex. In particular, after uploading the IEEEexample.bib and IEEEabrv.bib files to the bibtex/bib folder, it can be tricky to get the document to compile.

Here's a compilation of our answers which should hopefully help if you're in a similar situation, and they culminate in an example you can use as a template to get started.

Firstly, if you've uploaded the IEEEtran.cls and IEEEtran.bst files it's recommended to delete them, because they're actually built in to writeLaTeX -- you don't have to include them in your project, and it's usually best to use the built in version.

If you need to create the bibtex/bib folder, you can do so via the Project menu in the editor -- once you have opened the menu, the icons to create folders and files are on the top right.

The bibtex-generated bibliography comes from the \bibliography and \bibliographystyle commands, and assuming you're using the IEEEexample.bib and IEEEabrv.bib files in the bibtex/bib folder, these commands should be changed to:

\bibliography{bibtex/bib/IEEEabrv.bib,bibtex/bib/IEEEexample.bib}{} \bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}

This tells bibtex to load the two .bib files and use the IEEEtran bibliography style to format the references.

Note: The original commands in the template were:

\bibliography{mybib.bib}{} \bibliographystyle{plain}

which told bibtex that you want to use a file called mybib.bib for references, with the plain (built-in) style.

Finally, a common error that occurs after setting this all up is when there's no \cite command in the document that refers to any of the records in the bib file. In the example below we've added one from IEEEexample.bib:


to make it compile. You'll want to delete it once you've started adding your own citations.

Here's the example with it set up:

For more information on bibtex, we recommend the LaTeX wikibook chapter on bibliography management.

Biblatex provides several standard citations styles, if no citation style is set LaTeX uses the one that matches the bibliography style. Below you can see an example:

\documentclass{article}\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}\usepackage[english]{babel}   \usepackage[ backend=biber, style=alphabetic, citestyle=authoryear ]{biblatex}   \addbibresource{sample.bib}%Imports bibliography file   \begin{document}\section{First section}   This document is an example, two items are cited: \textit{The \LaTeX\ Companion} book is \cite{latexcompanion}, and Einstein's journal paper is \cite{einstein}.   \medskip   \printbibliography\end{document}

The parameter passed to the command that imports biblatex is the one that sets the citation style, in this case authoryear. The standard citation styles are:

  • Implements a numeric citation scheme intended for in-text citations. Should be employed in conjunction with the numeric bibliography style.
  • Compact variant of the mode. Citations like [1, 2, 3] are replaced by [1-3].
  • Verbose variant of the style. Instead of [2, 5, 7] will print [2];[5];[7].
  • Alphabetic citation scheme similar to the standard in style bibtex. To be used in conjunction with the alphabetic bibliography style.
  • Verbose version of the style. Instead of [Doe98, Doe95, Farn2004] will print [Doe98];[Doe95];[Farn2004].
  • Implements the author-year citation scheme. To be used in conjunction with the author-year bibliography style.
  • Compact variant of the style. Prints the author only once if subsequent references passed to a single citation command share the same author. Prints Doe 1992, 1995 instead of Doe 1992, Doe 1995.
  • A variant of the intended for footnote citations. Replaces repeated citations by the abbreviation ibidem.
  • A style combining the features of and
  • Implements the author-title scheme. Intended for citations given in footnotes.
  • Compact variant of . Instead of Doe, First title; Doe, Second title this will print Doe, First title, Second title.
  • A variant of the intended for footnote citations. Replaces repeated citations by the abbreviation ibidem.
  • A style combining and .
  • Variant of that only prints the title if the bibliography contains more than one work of the respective author/editor.
  • Style combining and .
  • Style combining and .
  • Citation style that prints a full citation when the entry is cited for the first time and a short version afterwards.
  • Citation style that goes with the bibliography style by the same name. Loads the style.

There are other non-standard citation styles popular in different journals and thesis

  • In Sciences:
    • American Chemical Society (ACS) style
    • American Institute of Physics (AIP) style
    • American Mathematical Society (AMS) style
    • Vancouver system
    • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style
    • Nature style
    • Science style
  • In Humanities:
    • Chicago Style
    • Harvard referencing style
    • MLA style
  • In Socials:
    • American Psychological Association (APA) style
Citation style stylename
AIP (*)

(*) this is a new style, see

  Open an example of the biblatex package in ShareLaTeX

[edit] Further reading

For more information see


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