Edu 305 Assignment 2

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Key Theories of Development Worksheet EDU/305 Version 2 1 Key Theories of Child Development Worksheet Part I: Fill in the following table with information regarding the main theories identified in the Key Child Developmental Theories activity. Theory Approach to research (research design) Components of the approach Historical milestones of the theory Psychosocial Theory Erickson based his theory on 8 stages based on age groups, he observed these stages. Erickson believes that our ego identity is constantly changing due to new experience and information we acquire in our engagement with other on a daily basis. He also believed that a sense of competence also motivates behaviors and actions. I believe the most historical milestone of his theory is that of him determining the stages based on age groups. The term identity crisis originates from Erickson’s terms. Social Learning Theory He had three basic models of observation: An actual individual demonstrating or acting out a behavior. A verbal instructional

Classroom Observation 2 As I entered Mrs. Smyth’s four year old preschool class I found a nice spot in the back of the room where I was able to see the entire class, here I am able to be out of sight of the children where they could focus on their teacher and I could observe their normal behaviors. There are eight children all the age of four in Mrs. Smyth’s class. Site Description Here at Wee Care Preschool Mrs. Smyth’s class is set up with four tables allowing it to be two children per table. She has areas set up in here classroom for play time, reading and circle time and an area where their work is proudly displayed before taken home. There are a few cabinets in the back of the room where materials and supplies are kept. In my opinion she had the room set up properly and I would not have changed anything. Developmental Stages Preschool children want to touch, taste, and smell, hear, and test things for themselves and are eager to learn. It appears they learn by experiencing and by doing. They are able to take a lot of knowledge from play. These children all appeared to be at the same learning stages, I am assuming this is because they are all within a few months the same age. Mrs. Smyth’s children were physically developed in manners they were galloping around the playground, running on tip toes and were able to swing independently. Their overall small muscle control seemed intact for their ages; they were cutting lines with scissors, able to zip and


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