Apa Style Interview Bibliography How To

Citation Elements in Order: 
 Initials: T. K. Lutes
 Date: April 22, 2010

 

Email Example:

 

Proper Bibliographic Reference Format:

Because emails and interviews do not provide recoverable data, they are not included in the list of references.

 

In-Text Citations:

  • Email communications from individuals or interviews with individuals should be parenthetically cited in the main text of your paper
  • Citations are placed in the contexts of discussion.
  • Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible.

(T. K. Lutes, personal communication, April 22, 2010)

Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.

T. K. Lutes (personal communication, April 22, 2010) discusses the origins of lorem ipsum.

Important Note: Personal interviews are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Cite themIN TEXT ONLY.

Personal Communication Includes letters, phone calls, email messages, and interviews. (p. 179 section 6.20)

General Format 

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,

      Year)

     

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,

      Year)

 

      References:

      Not included

  

Example

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (J. Brown, personal communication, April 27, 2010)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (J. Brown, personal communication, April 27, 2010)

 

      References:
        Not included

     

  

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